Styles Of Arabic/Islamic Calligraphy
Have you been looking for calligraphy art for sale, in particular Arabic or Islamic calligraphy?In orderto understand this profound, vintage, diverse and sophisticated form of art, it is important to know the most popular styles of writing the Arabic script. Over a long period of time, different styles of Arabic calligraphy sprung up in different geographical places, each style having its own set of rules of writing. Understanding these styles can be of help to you if you are looking for Islamic calligraphy art for sale:
- Kufic: This is counted among the earliest Arabic fontsand is said to have originated in the 7thcentury in Kufa, Iraq. It is also believed to be among the first Arabic styles in which the Holy Quran was transcribed. At that time, there were no diacritical symbols in Arabic. The Kufic font has very long or very short horizontal strokes and round characters with very little counters.
Over a period of time, with Arab conquests of non-Arab regions and consequent conversion of non-Arabs to Islam, the Kufic script fell into disuse for the purpose of transcribing the Quran. In the absence of diacritical marks, it was difficult to read for non-Arabs.
Kufic, however, continued to be used for decorative purposes such as being used for ceramic plates. It evolved into floral, foliated, plaited or interlaced, bordered, and squared varieties.
- Naskh: Around the 10th century, a new font, Naskh, was developed for writing the Quran. Unlike Kufic, Naskh had diacritical marks and was cursive – thus offering both ease of reading to the reader and ease of writing to the calligraphy. Even now, it is used for transcribing the Quran. It is the standard font of writing the modern Arabic script, and is used in newspapers, periodicals, official decrees and private correspondence.
- Thuluth: Arabic for ‘one third’, “thuluth” font implies writing one-thirds of the letters straight. The long, vertical lines, broad strokes and gaps as well as emphatic dots and diacritical marks render Thuluth a grand appearance, fit for engraving on walls of monuments and buildings. The Taj Mahal, for example, has Thuluth calligraphy on its walls. It is also preferred for Islamic wall décor in homes.
- Nast’aliq: This font was developed in Iran, and started being used for non-religious purposes too such as writing court documents. The word ta’liq means “hanging”, as the letters slope slightly from right to left, thereby rendering the overall script a hanging look. It is also used for writing Farsi and Urdu.
- Diwani: This Arabic font was developed during the Ottoman reign in the 16th A highly ornate, intricate and elaborate style of writing, Diwani is characterised by slanting letters and profuse use of decorative dots that fill up the empty spaces between and around the letters. It is perfect for Islamic calligraphy art. Thisbasic knowledge of Arabic calligrapher could be a good starter for you to make your buying decision in case you are looking for Arabic calligraphy art for sale.